Correct spacing

garden• You can plant vegetables in long slender rows, in squares, or in any other shape that makes sense in your garden. Tall plants should be on the north side of the garden so they don’t shade their shorter neighbors. The correct spacing will give your vegetables room to grow. Spacing is given for long slender row planting and also for “wide row” spacing. Use “wide row” spacing if you are planting in a square or other unusual shape or in several closely spaced rows. Follow the recommendations for your variety if they differ from those given here.

• Vegetables can be started by sowing seeds in the garden, by starting seeds indoors for later transplanting outdoors, or by planting purchased transplants. If you are planting seeds directly into the garden, sow more seeds than the number of plants you need, then thin based on the spacing recommended for the specific vegetable.

• Planting times are recommended for each vegetable. Weather is different each year, so use common sense when planting, paying attention to the individual plant’s sensitivity to frost, need for warm or cool weather, and long or short growing season. If you are planting seeds directly into the garden, soil temperature should guide your planting. Use a soil thermometer or find soil temperature information on the website of the Indiana State Climate Office (

• Planting times are given in relation to average last and first frost dates (50% chance that the last or first frost has already occurred). Purdue Master Gardeners can find the average dates for their area in Chapter 1 of the Purdue Master Gardener Manual. Average dates for all 50 states can be found on the U.S. Climate Normals site of the National Climatic Data Center or find it by using your web browser to search for: CLIM20-01 freeze/frost data.